MA CHE COMBINI?
università, istituzioni e imprese
The research group Observing Eurolects Network (OEN) represents a continuation of the Eurolect Observatory Project (EOP), directed by Prof. Laura Mori. The activities of the EOP have been carried out in two phases: the first phase (2013-2016) aimed at verifying and/or confirming the existence of 11 EU legislative varieties - the so-called Eurolects - that originated and established themselves within the linguistic diasystems of (some) EU Member States. During this phase the project benefited from the funding received from the UNINT University Research Commission (CRA) and from the financial support of the European Commission, which co-financed two initiatives within the framework of the Translating Europe Workshops. At the end of the first phase, the volume Observing Eurolects. Corpus analysis of linguistic variation in EU law, edited by Laura Mori, was published by Benjamins. At the same time, the first results of the project were disseminated at meetings and conferences attended by EOP members (see section "Dissemination events").
The second phase of the project (2017-2020) involved individual and group work in the following fields of study: jurilinguistics, sociolinguistics, contact linguistics, textual and pragmatic linguistics, terminology, translation-oriented contrastive studies, and statistical analysis of language variation. It involved 30 members from 22 universities or research institutions based in several European countries. Thanks to the funding granted by the CRA, it was possible to expand the Eurolect Observatory Multilingual Corpus by adding the following corpora to the A and B corpora collected during the first phase:
The research activities focused in particular on the following thematic areas:
as can be seen from the list of publications (see section "Focus on Eurolects") and presentations (see section "Dissemination events) given at national and international conferences.
In its seven years of activity, the Project has brought about the creation and consolidation of an international network, which is going to persist after the conclusion of the second phase thanks to the research group called Observing Eurolects Network (OEN). It aims to serve as a point of reference for anyone working on Eurolect/s, with approaches and methods that may involve one or more disciplines (legal, textual, pragmatic and contact linguistics; sociolinguistics; terminology; translation-oriented contrastive studies; linguistic variation, investigated through statistical analysis; corpus linguistics). Researchers (see section "Members") from 12 European universities and one Italian research centre participate in the Group (last update: April 2021).
In particular, the OEN pursues the following objectives:
Focus on Eurolects provides an overview of the studies, carried out in the framework of individual or group research projects, dealing with one or more legal varieties used in the EU legislation (“Eurolects”). In most cases they analyse and compare data from corpora of legislation (e.g. EU directives and national transposition measures) or judgements issued by the EU Court of Justice and/or by national courts.
The titles of the publications are divided into two sections, according to the method and approach adopted by the author(s). The first section (“Monolingual studies”) includes studies that examine the EU and the national legal language used in a particular EU Member State (e.g. the German Eurolect on the one hand, the German variety in use in the Federal Republic of Germany on the other). Works that extend their field of investigation to two or more Eurolects are listed in the second section (“Multilingual studies”). All titles are grouped by language, indicated by the corresponding ISO 639-1 code, and presented in chronological order. The acronym EOP in brackets marks those works that were published by project participants during the first and second phases of the Eurolect Observatory Project (2013-2016 and 2017-2020). The last two sections are devoted to MA Thesis/PhD Dissertations, both published and unpublished, and to book reviews respectively.